Unusual Destinations Reviews from Not Ordinary People

France and Loire Valley, World Heritage

Author Richard Summers
Wed 17 Oct 12
/ 5
Loire Valley

 The borders of modern France more or less coincide with the borders of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by Celtic Gauls. The Gauls were conquered by the Romans in the first century BC. Finally, the Gauls took the invaders culture and speech. It was the same with Christianity, which has been adopted in these areas in the second century AD and the third century AD.

In the fourth century AD, Germanic tribes, principally the Franks (which is derived from the ancient name of "Francie"), crossed the Rhine and occupied Gaul. The modern name "France" comes from the name of the feudal property of the Kings of France around Paris Capetian dynasty. As an independent state, France has existed for 843 years with the division of the Carolingian Empire at the eastern, central and western. The western part was approximately equivalent to the territory of modern France.

Charlemagne's descendants ruled France until 20 August 987, when Hugh Capet was crowned King of France. His descendants of the dynasty of the Capetian, Valois and Bourbon progressively unified the country through a series of wars and dynastic succession to the throne. The development of the French monarchy peak reached in the seventeenth century under the rule of Louis XIV. At that time, France had a huge impact on European politics, economy and culture, making it the most populous country in Europe.

At the same time, the Bourbons took the place of the Habsburgs in Spain following the Spanish war.

France was a monarchy until 1792, when as a result of the French Revolution was formed and the French Republic. Napoleon Bonaparte took control of the Republic in 1799 and taking the title of Consul. In May 1804, France was proclaimed an empire. As a result of several wars, his armies conquered many countries, setting them rulers originating from the Bonaparte family. Following the fall of Napoleon in 1815 in France, the monarchy is restored. In 1830, as a result of the so-called. July Revolution created the constitutional July Monarchy, replaced in 1848 by the Second Republic. Short term this form of rule ended in 1852, when Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) announced the formation of the Second Empire. Louis Napoleon was overthrown as a result of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 and the Empire was replaced by the Third Republic. Loire Valley (French Le Val de Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French language. It is well-known and admired because of the architecture of cities such as Chinon, Nantes, Orleans and opromienionych or famous castles.

The Loire Valley, with its many cultural monuments, is the image of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment of European art. This combination of a beautiful landscape with the cultural heritage, which is the image the local towns, villages, many castles and wine produced in the region, determines the uniqueness of the valley.

On December 2, 2000, UNESCO inscribed the central part of the valley of the river, between the mouths of Maine and Sully-sur-Loire, to its prestigious list of World Heritage Sites.

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